Sunday, December 12, 2010

zither - misc links / Wachet auf & Bach's Magnificat

Bach: Wachet auf ruft uns die Stimme; Magnificat BWV 243
Johann Sebastian Bach (Composer), Karl Richter (Conductor), Munich Bach Orchestra (Orchestra), Edith Mathis (Performer), Maria Stader (Performer), Ernst Haefliger (Performer), Ernst Hafliger (Performer), Peter Schreier (Performer) | Format: Audio CD

Label: Deutsche Grammophon
ASIN: B000001G7W
In-Print Editions: MP3 Download

Cantata No. 140, "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme," BWV 140 (BC A166)
Composed by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performed by Munich Bach Orchestra
with Peter Schreier, Edith Mathis, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Conducted by Karl Richter

Magnificat, for 5 voices, 5-part chorus, orchestra & continuo in D major, BWV 243 (BC E14)
Composed by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performed by Munich Bach Orchestra
with Maria Stader, Ernst Hafliger, Hertha Topper, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Conducted by Karl Richter

File:Woman with cittern 1677 by Pieter van Slingeland.jpg

A cittern, labeled cythara Germanica et Italica to distinguish it from other instruments designated by cythara.

Veit Bach (* um 1550; † 8. März 1619 in Wechmar) war der musikalische Urahn der weit verzweigten deutschen Musikerfamilie Bach. Er wurde wahrscheinlich in oder bei Pressburg geboren, war Müllergeselle und wanderte im Laufe des Schmalkaldischen Krieges nach Ungarn aus, was nach dem damaligen Sprachgebrauch auch Teile des heutigen Österreich und der Slowakei einschloss. Vor der Gegenreformation flüchtete er nach Wechmar in Thüringen, wo er als Müller arbeitete und nach den Aufzeichnungen von Johann Sebastian Bach (Ursprung der musicalisch-Bachischen Familie, 1735) zum Zeitvertreib die Cythringen, eine Art von Cister spielte.

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Instrument type: Hamburger Cithrinchen
Origin: Hamburg?, Germany
Year: early 18th C. (1700 - 1750)
Contributor: Frank Nordberg

The cittern was very popular in 19th C. Sweden and its popularity was undoubtedly fueled by Bellman's legendary status. The instruments the Swedes played were of course mainly those large ones with extra bass strings (like the one Bellman used later in his career) but even so: this is where it all started.


DULCIMER PLAYER'S FORUM :: Dulcimers :: Scheitholt :: The Scheitholts

Dulci-Psaltery (0 - 10 Posts)

Re: The Scheitholts« Reply #4 on Jan 13, 2008, 11:22am »

The tecnical definition of zitter (an etymological trial to find clearance in the early 20th century) is not singular but twice : fretboardzither ( Scheitholt, Hummel, Dulcimer, Konzertzither, etc.) and Halszither (with neck). If you google Halszither you will find more than 600 points.

Re: The Scheitholts« Reply #5 on Jan 14, 2008, 8:18am »NikitaModerator
In the center of Switzerland you still find a tradition of "Halszither", especially in the area of Kriens (where the instrument is guitar shaped, with - if I remember well - 4 double strings tuned in an open tuning, like DGBD, a bit like the 5-strings banjo). In Emmental, it is shaped like the irish bouzouki, round and flat-backed, also with 4 double strings (sometimes 5), and with an open tuning. it's called "Hanottere". And we have also all kinds of Zithers (flat table instruments, unnecked) : Chord-Zither, Violin-Zither (made to be played with a bow), Konzert-Zither (the one of the movie the 3rd man)... it used to be very popular in the beginning of the 20th century : quite fast to learn, not too expensive, and you could by them through the catalogues sent to every farm... Paolo Imola from the Bern area(a great hackbrett and clarinet player) teaches them, and makes special score for the Chord-Zither : a sheet of paper you put under the melody strings, with a pattern : you follow the drawing, and it gives the melody...

From the book: Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus
Date: 1555

Gáts Tibor
citerakészítő, a népművészet mestere

The zither (citera in Hungarian) was a very popular instrument in Hungary around the turn of the century and in the second half of the 19th century as well. Its exact origin is unknown but is form and structure is similar to those of the old Austrian and German zithers. The French Épinette des Vosges, the Norwegian Langleik, and the Swedish Hummels also come from the same family. The Hungarian version is very diversified in its form and size, but the tuning, basic features and manner of playing are very similar.

The word "citara" is derived from the Greek word kithara, an instrument from classical times used in Ancient Greece and later throughout the Roman Empire and in the Arab world (Arabic قيثارة); the word "guitar" derives from "kithara" as well.

See also : [Hung. w/ cognates in other languages)


File:Britannica Cithara Phorminx.jpg

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